The U.S. Army Contracting Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Research Triangle Park Division. is issuing this Request for Information (RFI) in support of the U.S. Army Research Office (ARO) and the Laboratory for Physical Sciences (LPS), in seeking information on emerging ideas, concepts, and approaches for qubit-related science and technology, specifically those related to quantum information processing. Of specific interest are qubit systems that explore new operating regimes and environments, fundamentally new methods of fabrication, and new methods of design, control, or operation. These explorations should have in mind the development of quantum hardware where the novel properties of these systems create significant advantages in coherence, fabrication, and/or qubit operation over current state-of-the-art qubits.
Innovative proposals are sought to develop QCVV tools that will aid researchers as experiments begin to incorporate on the order of ten physical qubits. In particular, proposals should be focused on efficient (and near-optimal) methods for extracting metrics from experimental systems. Research areas include, but are not limited to: advances/alternatives to quantum tomography; methods for extracting fidelity of gate or computation success; and methods or procedures for verifying complex quantum computations that cannot be classically simulated in qubit technologies capable of performing quantum gates. The performance of current qubits is below estimated fault-tolerant thresholds and this topic is not focused on reaching such thresholds. However, fault-tolerant architectures impose additional requirements on qubits and these requirements should be considered in the proposals for developing QCVV metrics.